DIWA – Diabetes and Insulin Resistance in Women Study

Principal contacts

Caroline Schmidt - University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Göran Bergström - University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Study design

The Diabetes and Insulin Resistance in Women Study (DIWA) is a general population study based in Gothenburg, Sweden. Women at 64 years of age were identified via the county register in Gothenburg. Recruitment took place between 2001 and 2004. Individuals were excluded if they reported a recent cancer diagnosis, chronic inflammatory disease, severe mental disorder, other severe illness, or drug addictions. The principal aim of the study was to investigate the development of atherosclerosis in women with different degrees of glucose control. All participants received both written and oral information before they gave their consent to take part in the survey. The protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee at Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Link to study webpage – https://medicine.gu.se/english/mkm/investigators/bergstrom/main_research/diwa


Key publications

Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in 64-Year-Old Swedish Women: Experiences of using repeated oral glucose tolerance tests. Diabetes Care. 2006 Feb;29(2):363-7

Association between impaired glucose tolerance and carotid atherosclerosis: A study in 64-year-old women and a meta-analysis. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2009 Jun;19(5):327-33